Many American cities in today’s age are appended with the word “polis”. The literal translation of the word is “city”, so cities such as Minneapolis, Annapolis, and Indianapolis are exercising a tradition with origin in Ancient Greece by giving their city a name that includes “polis.” The Polis, or City-State, was developed in the ancient world, and many places in Ancient Greece were structured this way. Here’s more information about how the polis developed in Ancient Greece:
Mycenaean Greece is one of the most romanticized civilizations in history. The inspiration behind the tales of Agamemnon, Achilles, and other heroes in Homer’s The Iliad, Mycenaean Greece was the first advanced civilization to be based in what is known today as Greece’s mainland. Like many other Ancient Greek civilizations, the Mycenaean Kingdoms were separate, with no one political organization ruling the entire country.
The Palace of Knossos is the backdrop for one of the most famous stories in Greek mythology. Located on the island of Crete, parts of the palace are still standing and can still be visited today.
With its sprawling grounds, beautiful frescos of dolphins cavorting with bare-breasted maidens, and stunning architecture, it’s easy to see how the palace might have elicited such incredible tales from its ancient occupants. While visiting the island of Crete, you won’t want to miss the chance to see it. Here’s more information:
According to the historian Plutarch, there were many favorable omens surrounding the birth of the man who would become known as Alexander the Great. Of course, the most fortuitous sign was that his father was the king of Macedon.
As a young boy, Alexander showed great promise, applying himself successfully to many pursuits. When he became a teenager, the great philosopher Aristotle was hired to tutor him and his potential reached even greater heights.
March 25th is a day of celebration in Greece as the people celebrate their Independence from the Ottoman Empire. This date is a symbolic one, chosen to represent the beginning of the movement that led to the Greek War for Independence. The successful conclusion of that war gave the Greek people their freedom. Here’s more information about the history of this holiday:
Each year, millions of people throughout the world run in marathons. They take place throughout the world, and for many, finishing a marathon is considered to be a great accomplishment. Did you know that the marathon actually has its roots in Ancient Greece? Here’s more information about the history of this elite race:
Hesiod was a Greek poet who most likely lived between the years 800 and 650 B.C. However, the exact date is unknown since there is no official record of his birthdate. Alongside Homer, Hesiod, through his writing, had a major influence on Greek mythology and Greek lifestyles.
Though his poems are drastically shorter than Homer’s, they are still considered to be epics because of their content. Hesiod’s works are some of the earliest epic poems to have survived from ancient times. He is also very well known for being an economic philosopher whose literary works contained important economic themes.
It’s true that the Ancient Greeks were curious about the world in which they lived. It is this curiosity that led them to make many advancements to intellectual thought.This included disciplines like philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, and the sciences. In fact, many of the discoveries that resulted from their curiosity led to the further development of these disciplines.
Tracing the history of science in Ancient Greece can be a slight challenge. People such as Archimedes, Pythagoras, Anaximedes, Hippocrates, Aristotle, Heraclitus, Anaximander and Thales of Miletusall contributed to the wealth of scientific studies and innovations that spawned many of today’s inventions and theories.
Rebetiko is a form of urban Greek music which came about in the late 19th century, originating largely from coastal cities. It isn’t necessarily considered to be a uniform gender, but rather a label that describes a variety of urban Greek styles that originated around 1900 and continued through World War II and beyond. Also referred to as the “Greek blues,” this was a form of music that early on was associated with the lower classes, only to gain more broad popularity later on. Here’s more information:
On October 28 of each year citizens of Greece and Cyprus, as well as Greek communities throughout the nations, take time to observe Oxi Day (also known as Oxi Day). ‘Oxi’ is the Greek word for ‘no’. The date commemorates the history-making stance taken in 1940 by Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas against the oppressive pressure exhibited by Benito Mussolini, the dictator of Italy which was part of the Axis during WW II.