Top 5 Notable Ancient Greek Inventors

It is widely accepted the ancient Greeks are responsible for creating the foundation for all western cultures. The ancient Greeks were masters at learning from the past and capitalizing on good ideas and being able to do that is something that added to all of their original ideas. There are many ancient Greek inventors who created innovations that were so important that they still influence the world today. Here’s more information:


Archimedes is considered one of the most accomplished scientists of classical antiquity. He discovered an accurate approximation of pi, anticipated modern calculus, provided proof of geometrical theorems including surface area and more. Archimedes is also responsible for innovative machines such as compound pulleys, the screw pump and more. The block-and-tackle pulley system created by Archimedes enable sailors to utilize leverage to lift items so heavy they would not have been able to be moved. He designed a method for using mirrors collectively as a parabolic reflector. This made it possible for the ancient Greeks to burn attacking ships.


Ctesibius is an ancient Greek inventor credited with documenting the science of compressed air. He also designed compressed air to be used in pumps. Early in his life, Ctesibius spent time working as a barber. During this time, he created a mirror that had an adjustable counterweight. This made it possible for the mirror to be used hands free in many different positions.

Additionally, Ctesibius discovered the concept of the elasticity of air. These accomplishments caused others to refer to him as the Father of Pneumatics. He is also recognized as the inventor of the pipe organ. Ctesibius improved the clepsydra, known as the water clock as well. It was thought to be the most accurate clock ever built until the 1656 invention of the pendulum clock.

Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria was an engineer and mathematician who is considered by many to be the antiquity’s greatest experimenter. He is credited with inventing many things for the Greek theater, including a completely mechanical play that was almost ten minutes long. It consisted of a system of simple machines, ropes, and knots as well as rotating cylindrical cogwheels. The sound of thunder was created by balls of metal being mechanically dropped onto a drum. He is also credited with inventing the first recorded steam engine. It was known as Hero’s Engine. He also invented a standalone fountain. This was known as Hero’s Fountain and worked from hydrostatic energy that was self-contained.

Theodorus of Samos

Theodorus of Samos was an ancient Greek architect and sculptor. He is known to have invented ore smelting as well as casting. His other inventions include a lock and key, a carpenter’s square as well as the turning lathe. He also improved the process involved with mixing tin and copper to produce bronze. The discovery fusing iron and using it for the casting of statues is credited to him. He is also credited with inventing the square, level as well as ruler.

Thales of Miletus

Thales of Miletus was an ancient Greek scientist and philosopher. He is credited with being the first individual to investigate the established principles pertaining to the origination of the substance of matter. Thales of Miletus is considered the founder of the school of philosophy concerning nature. Much of his notable work involved explaining the events that occurred in nature. His approach to questioning as a way to comprehend heavenly phenomena is thought to be the basis for astronomy.

Ancient Greek inventors made significant advancements in science and technology. Many of their original principles are still being used today!


Archimedes – Wikipedia

Ctesibius – Wikipedia

Hero of Alexandria – Wikipedia

Theodorus of Samos – Wikipedia

Thales of Miletus – Wikipedia