On October 28 of each year citizens of Greece and Cyprus, as well as Greek communities throughout the nations, take time to observe Oxi Day (also known as Oxi Day). ‘Oxi’ is the Greek word for ‘no’. The date commemorates the history-making stance taken in 1940 by Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas against the oppressive pressure exhibited by Benito Mussolini, the dictator of Italy which was part of the Axis during WW II.
The Minoan Civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean islands. It flourished from around 2600 to 1600 BC and ended around 1100 BC. There’s even evidence of the civilization’s existencestill standing today, especially on the island of Crete. For instance, the Knossos Palace is a classic example of Minoan architecture and you can visit it during your time in Greece!
In modern times, Socrates is seen as one of the leading figures in ancient philosophy.
Little is known about this famous Greek philosopher, however, what we do know is mostly thanks to the records of one of his students, Plato. Almost all contemporary descriptions of Socrates agree that he was an Athenian man renowned for his brilliant intellect, radical views, and infamous death.
After the last United States Census, it was determined that there are about 1.3 million people in the United States that are of Greek origin. Although this is a relatively small percentage, Greeks have managed to maintain a solid ethnic community due to a shared belief that the traditions and customs should be maintained through each of the generations.
How did the Greek people get to the United States in the first place? Here’s a brief look at the history of Greek immigration in the United States:
It is well known that the ancient Greeks, particularly the ancient Athenians, developed the concept of a democratic government. The basic premise behind a democracy is that the government is formed from the citizens and they all have a say in the decisions that are being made.
Like any form of government, the Athenian democracy had a specific set of rules. Those who went against these rules were deemed to be against the system. In ancient Greece, this is where the concept of ostracism came from. Here’s more information about what ostracism is and how it developed in ancient Greece: